How To Make a Field

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The field is essentially the most elementary construction: Furnishings is bins with {hardware}. A home is a big, waterproof field. As soon as you may make a field, you’ve the muse to create far better issues. We requested three knowledgeable woodworkers to construct a easy field to see how every would strategy the duty. Very in a different way, it seems—regardless of giving them related design briefs.

The surface dimensions needed to be 16x12x8 inches, they usually may solely use instruments and supplies discovered at their native residence middle. We ended up with three bins with three distinctive joints—all equally superior.

These Instruments Will Assist

Table Saw

DeWalt Desk Noticed

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Box Joint Cutter Set

Freud Field Joint Cutter Set
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Wood Glue

Titebond III Wooden Glue
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Push Block Set

Fulton Push Block Set
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Miter Saw

DeWalt Miter Noticed
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A Field Joint

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Grant Cornett/Haisam Hussein/Ash Bartholomew

By Ted Kilcommons

A field joint appears a bit like a dovetail, however you may make it with a desk noticed. Getting it proper requires cautious structure, nevertheless it’s well worth the effort. Take your time and also you’ll have joinery that’s robust and enticing. You additionally get to make a jig—a custom-made gadget that precisely guides a instrument’s chopping blade when making repetitive cuts—and use a dado set. These are two of my favourite issues in woodworking.

This box-joint jig lets you mill all of the pins and sockets to precisely the identical dimension. It includes a fence with a key and a notch hooked up to a sliding miter gauge. First, although, set up the dado set into your noticed. This field has 1/2-inch pins, so I arrange a 1/2-inch stack. Increase the blade to the thickness of your field materials—on this case, 3/4 inches—or go a hair deeper in case you’d wish to sand the pins flush later. Maintain the fence piece to the sliding miter gauge and minimize a notch in it with the dado set. Transfer the fence over the precise width of the dado set, connect it to the sliding miter gauge, and minimize one other notch. You now have a notch, an area (referred to as a step-off), and one other notch, every precisely 1/2-inch extensive. Glue a 1/2-inch x 1/2-inch x 2-inch key into the far left notch so it extends at the very least an inch from the fence.

Seize an finish piece and maintain vertically towards the fence and up tight to the important thing. Lower your first pin. Transfer the workpiece over, putting the socket you simply minimize over the important thing, and make one other minimize. Proceed throughout the width of the workpiece. You possibly can mill the field’s adjoining facet piece the identical approach, however it is advisable to offset it so your first minimize creates a socket fairly than a pin. Take the top piece and place it onto the important thing in reverse so its pin supplies the offset wanted. Then butt the adjoining facet piece towards it and begin chopping.

Unfold a skinny layer of glue onto the mating surfaces, and work quick to assemble the field, one nook at a time. Clamp collectively, guaranteeing all the things stays sq.. Take a moist material and clear up any extra glue. As soon as the glue is cured, clear up the joinery with a palm sander.

To put in the underside, use a router to chop a 3/8-inch extensive by 1/2-inch deep rabbet across the inside the underside edge. Sq. the corners of the rabbet by fastidiously chopping down with a pointy chisel, after which glue within the backside.

The Spline

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Grant Cornett/Ash Bartholomew

By Richard Romanski

You can also make this field into one thing utilitarian or extra upscale relying on the supplies you select. I used to be capable of purchase 1 / 4 sheet of birch plywood from the house middle, which is a helpful dimension format for a small venture like this. I additionally added a lid, making it splendid for storing instruments or provides.

A venture like this can be a bit like constructing mannequin airplanes: You determine the sequence of steps earlier than you begin. On this case, which means structure, milling, trimming, meeting, and clear up.

First, determine the way you’ll minimize all of the items from the plywood, and use a desk noticed to mill the blanks. Don’t attempt to minimize something wider than it’s lengthy. That’s harmful—the board can chill—so use a miter gauge to cut the items to size. After getting your stack of blanks, trim all the things to precise dimension on the desk noticed. Use a good mixture blade so the plywood doesn’t chip out. Subsequent, mill a dado close to the underside edge of every facet piece that may settle for the underside. Place the dado 1/4 inch from the sting and minimize it 3/16-inch deep. Its width depends upon the precise thickness of your plywood. Mine was near 7/16 inch.

Rip the nook posts to width on the desk noticed, after which chop them about an inch oversize. You’ll trim them and the splines to size after the field is assembled.

Subsequent, minimize kerfs for the splines within the nook posts and facet items. Mark the kerf on the top grain of a put up. It must be 1/8 inch extensive by 5/16 inch tall, which is half the width of the spline. Use this structure as a visible reference for establishing the noticed. Until your blade is 1/8 inch thick, you’ll have to make a number of passes. Make the primary move on all 4 posts, alter the noticed’s fence, after which make further passes till the kerfs are fashioned. Repeat with the plywood items.

Rip the splines from hardwood inventory. To do that safely, use a push block. A push stick gained’t work right here—it is advisable to apply downward drive so the skinny items don’t rattle by. The splines ought to match snugly into the kerfs however must also slide freely. In the event that they’re too tight, they’ll trigger issues once you add glue. Chop the splines about an inch oversize.

Mill the underside and the lid. These look related in that they each require a notch in every nook to suit across the posts. You possibly can minimize these notches on the desk noticed, however you’ll have to construct a sled that lets you maintain the workpiece upright. You’ll additionally discover that the underside of the field requires one other set of notches to suit across the splines. Lower these with a handsaw.

Do a dry meeting (with out glue) on a flat floor. This offers you a way of what points you would possibly encounter once you add glue. If you’re prepared, disassemble the field and unfold a skinny layer of glue into every groove. Push the spline down into the sting; don’t attempt to slide it in from the top otherwise you’ll squeeze the glue out. Faucet the spline flush with the underside of every nook. You don’t want to attach the underside. Use clamps to carry all the things collectively, taking care to not rack the field out of sq..

After the glue has cured, trim the nook posts. You are able to do this on the desk noticed: Make the minimize after which fastidiously again out the field. To suit the lid you’ll have to trim the spline projection with a handsaw.

The Rabbet

box build

Grant Cornett/Ash Bartholomew

By Paul Steiner

I accomplished the joinery for this field utilizing only a round noticed and a straight edge. The field wanted a bunch of rabbets, that are two-sided channels milled into the sting of a board (a dado is comparable however has three sides). I may have minimize these with a router, however as an alternative used the round noticed towards a Velocity Sq. or a shop-made fence after which cleaned up the rabbets with a pointy chisel. This technique is completely acceptable for constructing cupboard carcasses or drawer bins.

I cheated somewhat bit right here. I purchased 1 x 10 boards, which have a nominal width of 9 1/4 inches. To maintain this field easy, I didn’t hassle ripping the boards to eight inches. I simply chopped them to size utilizing a Velocity Sq. as a information. You possibly can maintain the sq. in place, or clamp it to the workpiece if that feels extra snug. Both approach, the sq. must be offset out of your cutline by similar distance that the noticed’s blade is from the sting of its base. Be sure the workpiece is supported so once you exit the minimize, the scrap gained’t fall and splinter the workpiece.

Lower rabbets within the ends of the facet items. These are 3/8 inch deep—half the thickness of the fabric—and three/4 inch extensive. Set your noticed blade’s depth to three/8 inch, and make a take a look at minimize in a chunk of scrap to test it’s arrange accurately. Utilizing the identical Velocity Sq. setup, make a minimize 3/4 inch from the sting. Transfer the sq. slight towards the top of the board and make one other minimize. Repeat till you’ve eliminated many of the materials, after which clear up the minimize with a chisel. Now minimize rabbets alongside the underside edges of the facet items, however as an alternative of utilizing a velocity sq. as a information, clamp a chunk of scrap plywood to the workpiece. Make the primary minimize 1/2 inch from the sting—that’s the width of the rabbet—after which freehand the remaining cuts. Take care to remain throughout the first minimize.

All that’s left is to assemble the field. Unfold glue on the top rabbets, and clamp the items collectively. Drill countersunk pilot holes by the facet items and into the ends and fasten with a few screws, ensuring you retain all the things sq.. Lastly, glue and screw the underside into place.